众吧彩票导航

区块链技术快速发展 在众多领域探索应用落地

来源:经济参考报 2020-10-15 10:05中投网 A-A+

  区块链技术近年来在国内快速发展,正在众多领域探索应用落地。专家表示,区块链技术应用对推动实体经济转型升级具有重大意义,但作为一项新兴技术,目前在实际产业落地过程中仍面临“信息壁垒”、实物上链困难、底层技术本身待突破等挑战。

  落地步伐正加快

  ZUOWEIJINNIANLAIQUANQIUXINXIKEJILINGYUZUISHOUGUANZHUDEJISHUZHIYI,QUKUAILIANYIQIQUZHONGXINHUA、KAIFANGTOUMING、KEZHUISU、BUKECUANGAIDENGTEXING,CHENGWEIJIEJUEZHONGJIEXINYONGWENTIDEYIZHONGXINSILU,ZAIYEJIETUIDONGXIAZHENGZAIJIASUGEZHONGCHANGJINGDEYINGYONGLUODITANSUO。

  JIZHEJINQIZAISHANGHAICAIFANGHUOXI,SHANGHAIYICHENGWEIGUONEIQUKUAILIANYINGYONGCHANGJINGZUIFENGFUDEDIQUZHIYI,BAOWUJITUAN、ZHONGYUANHAIYUN、MAYIJINFU、PINGANJITUAN、WANXIANGQUKUAILIAN、ZHONGANBAOXIAN、ZHONGXINXINXIDENGYIPIQIYEFENFENXUANZESHANGHAIBUJUQUKUAILIANJISHUYANFAHECHANYEHUA,DUIQUKUAILIANJISHUDETANSUOYIYANSHENDAOJINRONGKEJI、CHANYELIANXIETONG、ZHIHUICHENGSHIZHILIDENGDUOGELINGYU。

  比如,宝武集团的“大宗商品区块链供应链金融应用示范项目”以宝武生态圈为业务场景,面向中小、民营企业提供普惠金融服务,目前已有超过1000家中小企业享受到了普惠金融服务,累计交易规模逾200亿元。

  区块链技术也被探索应用于解决跨境贸易中的信任问题。在近日举行的首届“外滩大会”上,蚂蚁集团发布了基于蚂蚁链的跨境贸易和金融服务平台Trusple,拟以区块链技术解决中小企业跨境贸易信任问题。法国巴黎银行、花旗银行、星展银行、德意志银行、渣打银行成为Trusple首批五家合作伙伴。

  另据万向区块链副总经理杜宇介绍,“区块链就是用低成本手段建立信用,万向区块链目前一方面正努力突破区块链核心技术,另一方面正探索更多应用场景”。截至目前,由万向区块链研发和运营的“万向区块链供应链金融众吧彩票导航服务平台”,已累计帮助各商家融资超过3亿元,平台活跃商家超过100家。

  TUOLUOYANJIUYUANBUWANQUANTONGJISHUJUXIANSHI,2019NIAN10YUE24RIZHI2020NIAN9YUE1RI,QUANQIUXINZENGQUKUAILIANJISHUYINGYONGXIANGMUPILUYUE345GE,QIZHONG,WOGUOYIXIANGMUSHU252GEWEIJUQUANQIUDIYIWEI,YUEZHANQUANQIUXIANGMUDE73%,TONGBIZENGZHANG12%。

众吧彩票导航  CONGQUKUAILIANYINGYONGLINGYUFENBULAIKAN,2019NIAN11YUEYILAI,QUKUAILIANZAIGELINGYUYINGYONGLUODIJIAOBUBUDUANJIAKUAI,FUGAILEBAOKUOMAOYIWULIU、WENYU、SHEHUIGONGGONGFUWU、JINRONG、ZHENGWU、ZHISHICHANQUAN、SHEJIAO、RICHANGXIAOFEI、GONGYE、NONGYE、NENGYUANDENG12GECHUIZHIXINGYE,BUDUANTANSUOXINDEJISHUYINGYONGRONGHE。ZAICIZHIZHONG,ZHENGWU、SHEHUIGONGGONGFUWUYUJINRONGCHENGWEIQUKUAILIANJISHUYINGYONGLUODIDEZHUYAOLINGYU。

  有望成为新引擎

  ZHENDUIDANGQIANWOGUOQUKUAILIANJISHUYINGYONGXIANZHUANG,GUOJIAJISHUZHUANYIDONGBUZHONGXINSHANGHAISHUZIJINGJICHUANGZAOSHIJIANJIDIDONGSHI、TOUZIBUZONGJINGLIZHENGYUSHANXIANGJIZHEBIAOSHI,SHITIJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJILIBUKAIKEJICHUANGXIN,TEBIESHIYIRENGONGZHINENG、DASHUJU、YUNJISUAN、WULIANWANG、QUKUAILIANDENGWEIDAIBIAODEXINYIDAISHUZIJISHU,BEIPUBIANRENWEISHIZHUTUISHITIJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJIDEXINYINQING,ERQUKUAILIANJISHUZAIQIZHONGCHUYUHEXINDIWEI。

  例如,区块链可以为人工智能提供更好的契约管理,使得每一步的自主运行都得到不可篡改的记录和公开,从而促进人工智能的安全和稳定性;区块链的分布式网络结构可以为物联网设备提供一种分布式的管理机制,使得设备之间无需通过中心化处理器而可以直接交换信息,这样可以大幅提高全网络的交互能力;区块链的去中心化、匿名性,以及数据不可篡改等主要特点,与大数据云计算行业中的隐私保护、数据安全等目标也非常契合。

众吧彩票导航  “JINGUANQUKUAILIANXIANGGUANGAINIANCONG2018NIANJIUXUNSUPUJI,MUQIANDAZHONGDUIQUKUAILIANDERENZHIHAILVEXIANBUZU。”OUKEYUNLIANYANJIUYUANSHOUXIYANJIUYUANLILIANXUANBIAOSHI,QUKUAILIANSHIYIZHONGXIEZUOXINGJISHU,ZHUYAOZUOYONGYUSHENGCHANGUANXI,QIANGDIAODESHITONGGUOGONGKAITOUMINGDEKEXINJISUANPINGTAI,JIANGDIGECANYUFANGDEJIAOYICHENGBEN,JIANHUALIUCHENG、TIGAOXIEZUOXIAOLV,ZAITUIDONGSHITIJINGJIXIANGGAOXIAO、GONGPING、KECHIXUFAZHANFANGXIANGZHUANXINGFANGMIANJIANGFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

众吧彩票导航  BIRU,ZAIJINNIANXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGYINGXIANGXIA,WOGUODECHANYELIANGONGYINGLIANZHUYAOMIANLINLIANGFANGMIANTIAOZHAN:YISHISHOUYIQINGYINGXIANG,BUFENGONGYINGLIANCHUXIANTINGBAIWEIJI,ERFUGONGFUCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUCHUXIANSHANGXIAYOUCHANYELIANBUXIEDIAO、BUTONGBUWENTI;ERSHISHOUYIQINGYINGXIANG,WOGUOCHANYELIANHEGONGYINGLIANYOU“WAIYI”MIAOTOU。

  NEIME,QUKUAILIANJISHUYINGRUHEGAIZAOGONGYINGLIAN?CONGBENCIYIQINGYINGXIANGKAN,WEILAIGONGYINGLIANGONGNENGXUYAOQUEBAOCONGGONGYINGSHANGDAOKEHUDEZHENGHEYUNYING,CONGDUANDAODUANDEJIAODU,ERBUSHIGULIDEMEIGEZHINENGBUMEN,JUECEXUYAOKAOLVCHENGBEN、KUCUNHEKEHUFUWU。MIANXIANGXINYIDAIGONGYINGLIAN,QUKUAILIANJISHUZAIXIETONGHEZUO、SHUJUXINXIGUANLILIANGFANGMIANJIANGQIDAOZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

众吧彩票导航  LILIANXUANRENWEI,ZAIGONGYINGLIANXITONGDEXIETONGHEZUOFANGMIAN,KECAIYONGQUKUAILIANJISHU,YIDUOZHONGXINFANGSHIJIEHEZHINENGHEYUE、SHENFENRENZHENGHEYINSIBAOHUDENGJISHU,TONGGUOYUSHEGUIZE、ZHINENGXIETONGHEXINXIGONGXIANGDENGSHOUDUAN,GAIJINGONGYINGLIANSHANGQIYEJIANDIXIAOXIEZUOMOSHI,JIANHUAHEZUOLIUCHENG,TIGAOHEZUOXIAOLV;QICI,ZAIGONGYINGLIANXITONGSHUJUXINXIGUANLIFANGMIAN,LIYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUTIGONGSHISHIDE、DUANDAODUANDETOUMINGDU,QUEBAOGONGYINGLIANZHONGSUOYOUCANYUZHENENGGENJUXIANGTONGDESHISHISHUJUJINXINGZHIDAOHEJUECE。BIRU,ZHONGLIANGJITUANLIANHEADM、BANGJI、JIAJI、LUYIDAFU、JIANENGKENONGYEWUDAGUOJILIANGSHANG,YINGYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUZHONGGOUGONGYINGLIAN,TISHENGWOGUOLIANGSHIANQUANHUAYUQUAN。

  ZAILILIANXUANKANLAI,QUKUAILIANCHANYEZAIWOGUODEWEILAIBUJUKEYIYONGYIGECIGAIKUO,JI“YITILIANGYI”。“YITI”SHIZHIZAIXINJIJIANXIAQUKUAILIANJISHUZUOWEIXINYIDAIXINXIJICHUSHESHI,“LIANGYI”ZHIZAIWOGUODECHANYEJINGJIHEZHENGWUMINSHENGLIANGGELINGYUYINGYONGQUKUAILIANJISHU。QIZHONG,ZAICHANYEJINGJILINGYU,ZHUYAODUICHANYELIANGONGYINGLIANJINXINGGAIZAO,JIAQIANGGONGYINGLIANSHANGQIYEDEXIEZUO,JIANGDIRONGZICHENGBEN,BAOHUWOGUODEGONGYINGLIAN;ZAIZHENGWUMINSHENGLINGYU,JIANGCAIYONGQUKUAILIANJISHUCANYUZHENGFUZHILI,TISHENGZHENGFUFUWUZHILIANGYUXIAOLV,DAZAOLIANGHAODEYINGSHANGHUANJING。

  仍存短板和挑战

众吧彩票导航  QUKUAILIANJISHUYINGYONGCHANGJINGZHENGLUXUYONGXIAN,DANBURONGHUSHIDESHIQUKUAILIANJISHUMUQIANRENGCHUYUFAZHANZAOQIJIEDUAN,ZAIYUSHITICHANYERONGHEGUOCHENGZHONGMIANLINDEZHUDUOPINGJINGHENANTIRENGYOUDAIPOJIE。

众吧彩票导航  ZHENGYUSHANRENWEI,DANGQIANYINGXIANGQUKUAILIANJISHUSHIJICHANYELUODIDENANDIANZHUYAOYOUSANGEFANGMIAN:YISHIFALVHEJIANGUANZHENGCEDEBUQUEDINGXING;ERSHIGUANJIANRENCAIXIQUE;SANSHIQUKUAILIANDICENGJISHUBENSHENDETUPO。QUKUAILIANJISHUJINGUANYIJINGFAZHANLE10NIAN,ZAIHENDUOYINGYONGCHANGJINGXIAYIJINGSHIJILUODI,DANZAIQITAYIXIECHANGHE,TEBIESHIDUIGAOSUDU、GAOTUNTULIANG、DICUNCHUCHENGBENYOUYAOQIUDECHANYECHANGJING,RENGRANWUFAMANZUYAOQIU,SHENZHIXUDUOSHIHOUYEJIEBUDEBUXISHENGQUZHONGXINHUOANQUANLAIHUANQUXIAOLV。

众吧彩票导航  ERZAILILIANXUANKANLAI,“XINXIBILEI”HESHIWUSHANGLIANSHIDANGQIANYINGXIANGQUKUAILIANJISHUSHIJICHANYELUODIDELIANGDATIAOZHAN。YISHICUNZAI“XINXIBILEI”,QUKUAILIANJISHUYAOFAHUIZUOYONG,KUABUMEN、KUALINGYUSHIGUANJIAN。DANSHI,MUQIANWENTIZAIYUNANYIDATONGGEBUMEN、GEQIYEZHIJIANDEBILEI。RUGUOGECANYUFANGBUYUANYIGONGXIANGSHUJU,QUKUAILIANJIUMEIYOUSHUJUZHIYUAN,XINGCHENG“SHUJUGUDAO”。

  二是实物上链问题,即目前难以保证线下实物可真实准确地“上链”。打破这一壁垒,需要物联网等配套成熟技术的支撑。对于其他的数据上链,如电子发票、数字版权等,本身已经是数字化产物,这类数据上链就不需要物联网设备作为支撑。因此,在现阶段,区块链可以优先在金融版权众吧彩票导航、电子政务等易于实现全生命周期的领域推进发展。

众吧彩票导航  ZHENDUIDANGQIANQUKUAILIANJISHUFUNENGSHITICHANYEMIANLINDEZHONGDUONANTI,ZHENGYUSHANJIANYI,YISHIXUYAOZHENGFUCENGMIANGENGDUODEGULIZHENGCE,GULISHITIQIYECHANGSHIJIANGXINJISHUYINGYONGYUCHUANTONGYEWUZHONG;ERSHIJIAQIANGRENCAIPEIYANG,DIFANGGAOXIAOYINGZENGSHEQUKUAILIANJICHUKECHENG,PEIYANGGEXINGYECONGYEZHEDEQUKUAILIANSIWEI;SANSHIYAOZHENGMIANYINDAO,YIFANGMIANXIANGSHEHUIPUJIQUKUAILIANJICHUZHISHI,LINGYIFANGMIANYAODALIXUANCHUANQUKUAILIANJISHUFUNENGSHITIJINGJIDECHENGGONGANLI。

  李炼炫提醒,在加速区块链产业应用过程中,需要注意哪些应用是区块链的真需求,哪些是假需求,要保证区块链技术能切实解决场景应用痛点,并注重“脱虚向实”,防止利用区块链技术进行炒作等。

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